The different indigenous tribes of Mindanao in the Phillipines continue to suffer a series of direct attacks, killings and harassment. The abuses are concentrated in three provinces that host private schools for indigenous peoples, known as Lumads.
A further shock was the killing of Emerico Samarca, executive director of the Alternative Learning Centre for Agricultural and Livelihood Development (Alcadev). He was found inside a classroom hogtied, stabbed and his throat slit open.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines say the atrocities are not their concern.
The sustainability of family life in these rural parts of the Philippines is threatened because of the lack of integration of community-based and nurtured education with formal education systems, says Kim Quilinguing from the University of the Philippines. “Indigenous communities nurture and hand down knowledge through non-formal education. The difficulty though lies in how this can be integrated to the formal education system promoted by the government and made relevant to both the indigenous and low-land communities… overcoming that obstacle would ensure the indigenous peoples’ hope to become functionally literate while retaining their indigenous identity.”
Category: Summer 2016