Share this news with a school near you: 11 good things about Cape Town’s drought

| April 10, 2018 | 0 Comments

BY PATRICK DOWLING

Beyond the clamour around who’s to blame, conflicting scenario descriptions of “Day Zero”1 and its predicted date, individual and community responses and helpful tips, the drought – now officially the worst on record in South Africa’s history2 – has done us all some good.

1. It has heightened public awareness of the reality of climate change impacts. The “debate” idea, pushed by those too attached to or invested in the old order of doing things, should have been firmly put to bed by now. The “new normal” concept can’t be limited to water only, either – fires, migration, health, economy and security3 are patently part of the picture, and an holistic response is required.

2. The world takes note with apprehensive interest. It is remarkable that even at Davos – the favoured, cool and well-watered Swiss meeting site of the World Economic Forum (WEF) where talk is usually about, well, economics, free trade and all the other good, not particularly green things we expect from world leaders – Indian prime minister Narendra Modi started the week by telling the 2 500-strong audience that climate change is the greatest threat to civilization.4 He was followed soon afterwards by our own Cyril Ramaphosa, who added that “[c]limate change is a reality. We’re facing a real total disaster in Cape Town which is going to affect 4 million people.”5 Meanwhile, other water-stressed cities such as Los Angeles, Sao Paulo and Singapore consider who will be next. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that South Africa signed up for in 2015 come into 3D perspective. Read them at:

http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainabledevelopment- goals.html

3. Realising that global, national and local leaders can only do so much, communities have started working cooperatively and innovatively together. There are domestic street and faith-based responses, workplace plans and frail support initiatives. As people work together, mesh talents and grow trust, more dots are joined, giving issues of sustainability and cooperative solutions new meaning and practical application direction.

4. There has been a rapid water literacy and numeracy upgrade across society. People are interested, and it is important to know that 25 litres of water weighs 25 kg, or where it goes if you have to flush it, what a catchment is and what happens in it.

5. Talking of flushing, the drought has foregrounded the very long-standing but politically constrained topic of the need to move away from water-borne sewerage.6 Sufficient water meant that more affluent people could afford this luxury. Scarcity means we all need to make a plan – good, appropriate, technically sound ones that should see the saving of at least 30 million litres of water per day.7 Add to this modifications in all the other waste water pursuits we get up to, and the savings become enormous.8 A few years back, controversial water academic and activist, Anthony Turton, said South Africa does not have the dilution capacity for all its pollution.9 That’s even more true today. By addressing the problem as Plan A, we start mitigating the degradation of rivers, wetlands, estuaries and oceans, too.

6. Government’s ability, at all levels, to plan realistically and respond to emergency situations appropriately is being tested and subjected to scrutiny.10 Not satisfied with glib answers or spin-doctoring, the public is interrogating the reasoning and planning in a way that demonstrates a deeper understanding of and engagement with issues. Can you really flush with seawater? Are 200 water points sufficient for 3 million people? Is saltwater intrusion into our groundwater likely? These are the sorts of questions being posed to politicians and officials – who are also, happily, being swept along on a steep learning curve.

7. All practical responses to the drought – such as organising a rain tank, bending the ball-valve arm down in your toilet cistern to reduce the flush volume or fitting aerators to tap nozzles – have been a big boost for self-sufficiency and resilience thinking that is pollinating across other areas of life including energy, waste reduction, transport efficiency and food security. The consequent empowerment that goes with positive feedback from such efforts means a trend towards less externalisation of our needs and responsibilities, and a greater sense of pride in problem solving.

8. The drought is a timely reminder of the absolute need to decouple growth from resource exploitation and environmental degradation. People’s ability to halve their water consumption in a year and then do more shows what is possible. Cape Town’s fossil fuel-based energy footprint is still way too high. Can that be as dramatically reduced now? Could the plastic waste stream from singleuse packaging become a trickle? Is it feasible to so increase marine protected areas and compliance and so effectively change consumer behaviour that we pull back from Day Zero on the fishing front, too?

9. This kind of circular thinking has also put the spotlight on the essential need for waste water recycling. Cape Town will be joining other major cities in making this part of the new normal. The benefits are significant: less effluent to the sea, less pollution into rivers, greater water security, tighter control on commercial and industrial outflows, more training and jobs for water technicians, and developing an understanding of groundwater recharge implications.

10. Queues at natural springs and seeps around the city testify to the possibly unspoken appreciation of ecosystem services from wetlands, rivers, the ocean, springs and aquifers, and the need to protect these from pollution and overuse. You can take a wash in the sea, relax in the shade of riverine vegetation and strip nutrients from your grey water with the help of a home-planted wetland. Kikuyu grass is giving way to hardy indigenous plants, and local hack groups taking out black wattle and Port Jackson trees are water heroes.

11. There is increased empathy with the very poor of the country and the world who face the indignity and stress of water deficit every day. As we develop solutions to our crisis now, it’s important to ensure that everyone benefits from them in the long term. The new normal means a move away from complacency and injustice.

Before we get carried away with the idea of the drought being the best thing ever, we must note the massive increase in the sales of bottled water and the filling of pools by commercial companies11 – practices that promote the idea of commodifying a common good and pitch the haves against the have-nots.

References:

1. See: https://www.newstimes.com/technology/businessinsider/article/We-wentto-the-major-South-African-city-that-s-12711672.php

2. See: http://www.capetowndrought.com/

3. See: http://www.homelandsecuritynewswire.com/dr20180214-running-out-ofwater-cape-town-the-u-s-and-drought?page=0,1

4. See: https://inclips.net/video/Y9f0Mtzox1g/narendra-modi-latest-full-speechworld-economic-forum-davos-switzerland.html

5. See: https://www.iol.co.za/ios/news/watch-ramaphosa-at-davos-on-changezuma-cape-towns-water-and-trump-12951081

6. See:http://www.srk.co.za/files/File/SouthAfrica/pressreleases/2013/FEB/environment_news_water_expert_suspended_csir_dr_anthony_turton_feb2013.pdf

7. See: http://ewn.co.za/2015/06/22/First-on-EWN-CTs-sewage-debacle-notflushing-away

8. See: https://www.msn.com/en-za/news/other/borehole-rules-can-you-use-seawater-to-flush-the-city-of-cape-town-answers-your-questions/ar-BBIqYhh

9. Ibid.

10. Ibid. See also: https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2018-01-20-how-will-day-zero-work-dont-ask-the-city-of-cape-town/

11. See: https://www.thesouthafrican.com/cape-town-stocks-up-for-day-zero/

Category: Autumn 2018

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